Coal and Crude Refining

Plants using coal as the feedstock use the latest design concepts based on gasification through Plasma Arc Reactors and convert the primary product Syngas to gasoline through Gas To Liquid (GTL) technologies. These proven technologies are being implemented around the world to replace the inefficient conventional refining practices. The Plant is designed and built with the ability to receive and process a minimum of 5000 Metric Tons per day and maximum of 33,000 Metric Tons per day of coal with lowest grade quality.

PRODUCTS:

  • Syngas

  • Electricity

  • Hi-Octane Gasoline 107 Octane to 125 Octane to be used as   an additives

  • Bio-Diesel with Cetane number of 72 to 75

  • Many Petrochemical based Core and finished products

  • Low to Medium Grade Metal (ferrous and non-ferrous) alloy

  • Compressed Carbon Dioxide

  • Vitrified Non-Leaching Silica‑like Slag

  • Nitrogen

  • Oxygen

PROJECT TECHNOLOGY

The Plasma Arc Reactor is the best method for refining crude and coal due to it's:

  • 100 percent conversion

  • 365 day production

  • Near zero emissions

  • Ease of operation,

  • Low cost of operation,

  • Highest return on gasification and no residual,

  • Every by-product is 100% marketable and useable.

There are many major oil companies currently semi using and/or considering the replacement of old refining technologies with Gasification + Gas to Liquid (GTL) technology to improve their productivity and reduce their cost, but none are able to receive any type of feed stocks other than high quality Crude Oil.

Each state is considering Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) for the production of electricity. The limitation has been the development of a feasible gasification engine. That engine now exists with the introduction of our 500 MT/day, 725 MT/day and 1000 MT/day Reactors.

Our system, with over 27 years track record (US Government has been the primary user of our technologies), has proven it superiority to all other technologies in the market when dealing with waste destruction or refining Crude Oil to produce high end Carbon Based products.

When these facilities are designed to receive Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as their primary feed stocks, it is also able to receive other hydrocarbon based products as a secondary or mixture and or alternative feed stocks. Alternative hydrocarbon base products are:

  • Crude Oil

  • Coal, Sulfur content is not an obstacle,

  • Natural Gas; Sweet or Hi-Sulfur,

  • Condensate,

  • Sand Tar or Oil Shale,

  • Recycled motor oil or cooking oil, etc.

  • Pet-Coke, Asphalt

  • Petroleum wastes from all other refineries in the region.

Another comparison is the time of construction/costs for each system from other well known designers and manufactures:

  • Conventional Refinery; 4 to 5 years and at $12,000 to 18,000 per barrel,

  • Full Conversion (80%) Refinery; 5 years and at $18,000 to 22,000 per barrel,

  • Re-Seed Refinery; 7 years and at 28,000 to 32,000 per barrel,

  • Plasma Arc Gasification Reactor; 30 months at $24,000 per barrel.

However, only the Re-Seed refinery is capable of converting 90% of the Crude Oil and its’ heavy products (such as Bunker fuel) to premium products but not without impurities such as those seen in current specifications from every refinery around the world. By the same token, none are capable of processing any other Hydrocarbon based feed stock such those being processed in our facilities. Moreover, due to long construction period (5+ years) and the compounding interest on principal during this period, the actual construction cost is double or triple compared to their original quotation for such a facilities.

Other applications with a smaller version of the same Reactor could be integrated in existing refineries, coal fired power plants and Ethanol Plants to eliminate the heavy products such as Petroleum Waste, Smoke Stacks and Fly Ash and also destroy Waste Water thus reducing the cost of the treatment process.

Schedule of Construction:

The schedule of construction is 30 months including design that will be around 90 days after receipt of funds to our account.

Other Information:

  • 33,000 MT/day plant will be equal to 250,000 barrel per day Refinery.

  • One Ton of Coal is equal to 5.7 to 7.2 barrels of Crude Oil based on the chain of carbon

  • One Ton of Coal is under $30 delivered to the plant.

  • One barrel of Crude Oil is over $70 per barrel.

  • If the Plant uses Coal as feedstock, the price of feedstock will drop from $70 to $7 per barrel.

  • Our plant's conversion rate is 100 %

  • Our plant's conversion rate compared to most US refineries is 50% higher.

  • Produced premium products from our plant, can't be produced in any refinery in the world due to technology restrictions.

  • Profit margins from our plant for per barrel of Crude Oil or Coal will generate over $180 per barrel.

  • Plant will produce a variety of Carbon based finished products spawning new industries.

Phase 1 - Develop a Detailed Conceptual Plan.

 The plan will consist of an Economic Feasibility Study and Site Selection Study that will include:

Marketing Analysis and Evaluation

Market Analysis:

  • Overall Market Trends and Opportunities

  • Competitors in the Market

  • Possible Markets

  • Northern Europe and Western FSU (Former Soviet Union )

  • Western Hemisphere Exports

  • Export niche products like Aromatics and Solvents

  •  Retail and Wholesale Marketing

  • Marketing Organization such as joint ventures with major wholesalers, develop marketing outlets or marketing on the wholesale rack.

  • Identify Target Market Customers and any special relationships that currently exist

  • Price forecasting

  • Assessments future competitive posture of  refinery

Supply Logistics and Transportation Study

  • Crude Slate: Define base crude as Middle Eastern Crude and consider backup crudes that may be available as emergency crudes in the event of supply disruptions.

  • Crude Transportation and Receiving Analysis

  • Crude-delivery

  • Tanker

  • Pipeline (alternate port)

  • Alternatives, Advantages/Disadvantages

End Products

  • Syngas

  • Diesel

  • Electricity

  •  Hi-Octane Gasoline 107 Octane to 125 Octane to be used as   an additive

  • Low to Medium Grade Metal (ferrous and non-ferrous) alloy

  • Compressed Carbon Dioxide

  • Vitrified Non-Leaching Silica like Slag

  • Nitrogen

  • Oxygen

  •  Many Petrochemical based Core and finished products

 


 

DuTemp MSW to Electricity

  • Plasma Generating Systems
  • dissociate compounds into elemental atoms
  • 714.24 Megawatts per day

 

 

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